Abbreviations and glossary below which describes all kinds of medical terms in layman's terms. Should you encounter medical terms which are not already included in this list please send us an This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. containing the new term so that we can extend the list.


Abbreviation/term Description
Atrophy Decrease of tissue or organ mass, e.g., muscle atrophy caused by prolonged muscular inactivity.
Glaucoma Elevated eye pressure due to impaired drainage of aqueous fluid. If this persists it can lead to the death of optic nerve fibers and ultimately to blindness.
Hemihypotrofy Relatively smaller size and length of a body half as compared with the rest of the body.
Hypermobility A state whereby elastic and stretchy ligaments allow joints that are more mobile than normal.
Hypertrophy Relatively larger size or length of a body part compared with the rest of the body.
Hypotrophy Relatively smaller size or length of a body part compared with the rest of the body.
Klippel-Trénaunay-Weber Syndrome Disorder consisting of the combination of a wine stain, large winding varicose veins, lymphatic deviation and impaired growth, usually of one or more extremities (arms/legs).
Macrocephaly Condition where the head is larger than normal (if the circumference of the head is more than two standard deviations above average depending upon the age, gender and race of the subject).
Sturge-Weber Condition consisting of a wine stain particularly around one eye and overgrowth in the face, often associated with glaucoma and epilepsy.
Syndromal A syndromal disorder is one with multiple related illnesses. A syndrome is not always hereditary, but always has a genetic cause.

With thanks to Dr. Odubèr.