Possible vascular malformations in the brain or in the eye
If a port-wine stain is present around the eye (the area of the first branch of the trigeminal nerve) additional research should be done to look at the possibility of Sturge-Weber Syndrome.
This syndrome may be present in the brain or vascular malformations in the eye. Glaucoma (increased eye pressure) can also occur. The ophthalmologist and neurologist should therefore watch patients closely. It is a rare syndrome (it occurs in 1 in 200,000 births) and the cause is unknown. There is a possible mutation place in a ‘precursor’ cell of a given region; therefore one finds multiple abnormalities. These patients often get epilepsy. There is no cure and you treat the problems that occur with the patient.
(The FAQ’s booklet is produced by the Vascular Birthmarks Foundation USA).