Abbreviations & definitions

Medical terms explained
book
Abbreviation/termDescription
AtrophyDecrease of tissue or organ mass, e.g., muscle atrophy caused by prolonged muscular inactivity.
GlaucomaElevated eye pressure due to impaired drainage of aqueous fluid. If this persists it can lead to the death of optic nerve fibers and ultimately to blindness.
HemihypotrophyRelatively smaller size and length of a body half as compared with the rest of the body.
HypermobilityA state whereby elastic and stretchy ligaments allow joints that are more mobile than normal.
HypertrophyRelatively larger size or length of a body part compared with the rest of the body.
HypotrophyRelatively smaller size or length of a body part compared with the rest of the body.
MacrocephalyCondition where the head is larger than normal (if the circumference of the head is more than two standard deviations above average depending upon the age, gender and race of the subject).
SyndromalA syndromal disorder is one with multiple related illnesses. A syndrome is not always hereditary, but always has a genetic cause.

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